February 23, 2021 How to Grow: Bells of Ireland

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Bells of Ireland have to be one of my favorite foliages/greenery to grow on the farm.

Not only do they add incredible texture and color to arrangements, they are also long-lasting in the vase… and bonus! They smell delicious! To me, they smell exactly like lime flavored Skittles.

Bells of Ireland are often considered a “Hardy Annual”, which means they prefer cooler weather and have some frost tolerance. This also means they are a late spring/early summer blooming flower (they usually die out by mid/late July, when it gets hot).


Let’s look at the Pros and Cons of growing Bells of Ireland for cut flower use.


  • They last a long time in the vase (in fact, they can even be dried and used as an “Everlasting Flower”). 
  • They are an excellent foliage/greenery for bouquets and compliment nearly every flower type.
  • They smell good – clean and fresh, with a hint of citrus.
  • They are beautiful, unique and provide visual interest.


  • They can be notoriously tricky to start from seed. If you’re a beginner, maybe put this one on hold until you have more experience.
  • They need to be supported with netting or they will be flattened in a rain/wind storm.
  • They develop “spines” that can prick your hands if they are not harvested early enough. 
  • The plants are not particularly long lasting. They are finished on our farm in mid-July. We pull up the plant and put in sunflowers to fill the beds. 
  • They prefer cooler weather and do not handle heat well. For those living in climate with weather extremes, growing Bells of Ireland successfully can be difficult. Here in Michigan, it’s not uncommon in the spring for our temperatures to fluctuate over 60 degrees in a matter of days. Bells of Ireland do not handle these extremes well – they can get stressed and succumb to disease.  


Choosing seeds is easy, because there is only one variety of Bells of Ireland  (Moluccella laevis) that is generally used for cut flowers.


The most difficult part about growing Bells of Ireland is starting the seeds.

They seem to be quite unpredictable and in all my research, I can’t seem to find a “Fool-Proof” method for germination. Instead, I’ll share some suggestions that may help.

First of all, storing the seeds in the freezer until you are ready to sow them is a smart idea. The freezer mimics the natural cold/dormant period the seeds need to germinate properly. 

*Side Note: I store all of my seeds in the freezer, with no ill effects. I figure that if the Svalbard Global Seed Vault, the world’s seed saving experts that are preserving seeds for humanity in case of major global disaster, can store all their seeds in a freezer, so can I. As a bonus, all my hardy annual seeds are always chilled and ready to go. 

Another tip is to soak the seeds in water for 24-48 hours before sowing. This helps to soften the tough seed casing.

Here is my method for germinating. It’s a bit of work and seems a little fussy…. But I’ve had good success! 

1.Soak seeds in water for about 24 hours. Place seeds in a damp paper towel. Put the paper towel in a plastic bag and set it on a heat mat or in a warm spot (on top of your fridge).


2. In just a few days, the seeds will begin to sprout.


3. Carefully transfer the sprouted seeds into seed trays, tucking the “tail” (root) into the soil.


4. Seedlings can grow the trays for a few weeks until they have 2-3 sets of leaves.

Transplants or Direct Sow?

Transplants should be started indoors 6-8 weeks before the last spring frost.

Some people have better success direct sowing Bells of Ireland and don’t even attempt transplants. If you live in a mild climate, you may be able to sow the seeds in the fall or very early spring. They need a cold/dormant period to germinate properly. The freeze/thaw activity also helps to break open the tough seed casing.

For people living in colder climates, I recommend trying both methods. Start some indoors and also direct sow some seeds outdoors as soon as the soil can be worked.

Bells of Ireland can also be grown using the Winter Sowing method. Find out more about Winter Sowing


Bells of Ireland should be spaced 12-18” apart.


Bells of Ireland prefer rich soil, with plenty of nutrients and plenty of water.

If you live in a place with cooler summers, the plants may continue to produce for a few weeks. In Michigan, the summers get too hot and the plants stop producing mid-July. Enjoy them while you can! 



You’ll know the Bells of Ireland are ready to be harvested when you see the tiny white flowers inside the “bells”. 


Cut deep down into the plant to get long stems. You may notice the plants begin to develop “spines” as they mature. Watch out!

Strip off the leaves/bells at the bottom of the stem.



Bells of Ireland don’t require any special care after harvest.

Like all flowers, store in a cool, dark place after harvesting and allow stems to rest for a few hours before arranging.

Some people like to remove all the leaves. It’s personal preference whether you do this or not. Sometimes, the leaves will turn brown or spotted, but the bells are still in great shape – in this case, simply remove the leaves.



Ask them here and I’ll get back to you!


If you’re serious about growing the garden of your dreams this year, register for my online course, “Backyard Cutting Garden 101”. You’ll find everything you need to plan, grow, harvest and arrange your stunning blooms. I can’t WAIT to help you grow! Click on the button below for all the details.I’M READY TO GROW!

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Catherine 3 weeks ago · 0 Likes  

Thank you thank you thank you! Finally I have success with germination after following your tips above. Greatly appreciated! Xx

Lori Hernandez 3 weeks ago · 0 Likes  

I’m so glad to hear! Many others have shared this with me as well!

Sarah 2 months ago · 0 Likes  

My bells are about 6 inches tall with multiple sets of leaves. Wondering if you top your plants or no?

Lori Hernandez 2 months ago · 0 Likes  

Hi Sarah, I usually don’t pinch Bells of Ireland, but I’m curious to see what happens when they are pinches. Maybe you should do an experiment 🙂

maryanne nestor 4 months ago · 0 Likes  

My Bells of Ireland are coming up, thanks to you. Thank you so much for your help!

Lori Hernandez 4 months ago · 0 Likes  

Yay! So glad to hear this!

MaryAnne Nestor 4 months ago · 0 Likes  

Lori, Your blog has been very helpful to me. I’m a first year farmer and didn’t even decide to give it a try until last October. So I am way behind. Also, my dirt is crap so I have been using raised beds. In this post, it looks like you have very long raised beds. How did you do that? Or are they smaller ones pushed together.? I would love to see your farm and meet you. If you have a cancellation, let me know. I would need a ticket for myself and my husband.

Megan 5 months ago · 0 Likes  

Great info, thank you! I popped mine in the freezer yesterday (first time grower 😬 in Ada MI).

Lori Hernandez 5 months ago · 0 Likes  

Best of luck! They can be tricky!

Kenny 5 months ago · 0 Likes  

Funny this came up. I just bought some seeds and about to to start growing some bells of Ireland. Thanks for tips. They were very helpful. Kenny

Lori Hernandez 5 months ago · 0 Likes  

You’re welcome! Best of luck!

Sarah L 5 months ago · 0 Likes  

Hi Lori, thank you so much for this information! Out of curiosity, how many seeds (and what kinds) do you pre-sprout? I’m new to this concept and am interested in learning more.

Thanks in advance!
Sarah L.

Lori Hernandez 5 months ago · 0 Likes  

Hi Sarah,
Hmmmm… I can’t think of any other seeds that I pre-sprout in this manner, but you can certainly do it with many types of seeds. I know some people who pre-sprout all their tomato and pepper seeds using this method. It’s a great way to make sure you are only planting viable seeds and wasting trays on unviable seeds.

Experiment with it and have fun!

Wild Bird Farm 5 months ago · 0 Likes  

I’m going to try the paper towel method as I have had dismal results inside under lights and out in winter-down milk jugs so far. Thanks!

Lori Hernandez 5 months ago · 0 Likes  

Give it a try! I’ve also found it’s important to have fresh seed from a reputable source. Older seed has dismal germination rates. Best of luck!

Lyndsay 5 months ago · 0 Likes  

I am definitely going to give them another try 🙌🏼 Thanks for sharing your tips.

Lori Hernandez 5 months ago · 0 Likes  

You’re welcome! The soaking + paper towel + heat mat has worked best for me.

Sarah 5 months ago · 0 Likes  

Thank you! I bought these seed as an impulse buy. Thanks for the tips. I’m going to tuck my bells of Ireland seeds on the freezer right now!

Lori Hernandez 5 months ago · 0 Likes  

You’re welcome and best of luck!Newer PostHow to Start SeedsOlder PostWinter Sowing

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Rajib Mridha

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